Proper skin cleansing is an essential step, as it removes impurities from makeup and the environment. A skincare routine should consist of 6 basic steps (we'll discuss them later) for every skin type, every age, and every season. Of course, if you want to add more products to your routine, you can definitely. Do you have dry skin? You can always incorporate a facial oil or a moisturizing serum.
Dealing with Outbreaks? Try using a retinoid or an acne tonic. As long as you go slow and keep things simple, you'll be golden. Please, for the love of the beauty gods, take off your makeup and wash your face before you smear the products. Facial toners used to be terrible alcohol-based liquids that irritated your face a lot.
But today's (good) tonics are full of gentle, moisturizing ingredients to pamper dry and sensitive skin, or with chemical scrubs to treat acne, oil and bumps. While, once again, serums are completely optional, they're usually a good first step in improving your skincare routine and improving your skin's health. For almost all skin types, Dr. Gohara (and any other existing dermis) swears to use vitamin C serum every morning, which protects skin from inflammation and damage caused by environmental damage during the day, while lightening dark spots and uneven tones over time.
Vitamin C serum is the MVP for dry, oily and acne-prone skin, but it's also a little strong. Therefore, if your skin is sensitive, use it every other morning (or every other morning). Idriss recommends using a spot treatment with hydroquinone (a fast-acting skin whitening ingredient that can irritate anyone with even slightly sensitive skin) or niacinamide (also known as vitamin B), which gently lightens marks and scars over time. Niacinamide can be used daily, most formulas don't cause irritation, but hydroquinone should be used every three days until you know how your skin responds to it.
Is there no irritation after a week? Move it to every other day. Gohara supports proven benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, but not together, unless you want to irritate your skin. Benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria that cause acne (use for classic whiteheads), while salicylic acid dissolves oil and skin cells (use for small clogged pores and inflamed bumps). Okay, yes, I know, I said oils go to the end, but technically, sunscreen is the absolute last step.
Why? “Oils continue to work to penetrate and treat the skin, so they would be the last in your skincare routine, but sunscreen doesn't try to penetrate anything, it's just there to protect your face and act as armor against the outside world,” says Dr. There is a lot of confusion around toner, and when you first establish a daily skincare routine, it may even seem unnecessary. But most experts agree that toning is an important addition to your skincare routine with beneficial effects on the skin. After cleansing the skin of impurities, the toner removes any residue left by the cleanser, as well as any makeup or oils that the cleanser may have missed.
The additional cleansing effects help prepare the skin to absorb the moisturizer and minimize the appearance of pores. Some tonics can also have antiseptic and PH balancing effects. Most experts advise against using strong tonics based on alcohol or citrus fruits, as they can damage and irritate the skin. Check if a toner works for you and, if not, remove this step from your routine.
It is best to exfoliate after toning and before moisturizing. Most dermatologists agree that you should exfoliate one to three times a week, but this depends on your skin type and how you react to the peel. Experiment and discover what works best for you. There are chemical scrubs and granule scrubs, such as the traditional sugar or salt scrub.
Both can be effective tools for removing dead skin cells, but exfoliating chemical ingredients such as AHA and BHA are often more effective at penetrating deep into pores and removing buildup. If you have problems with blackheads and acne or sun damage, opt for chemical peels that contain AHA and BHA instead of your traditional granule scrub. For skin plagued by acne and blackheads, look for a scrub that contains BHA, as it penetrates deep into the pores. If you have problems with sun damage, AHA is your preferred option, since it mainly exfoliates the upper layers of the skin.
Choose a moisturizer based on your skin type (it can be a cream, lotion, gel, or oil) and rub it gently into the skin in an upward motion, taking care not to pull on the delicate skin around the eyes. Once the moisturizer is applied, allow time for it to absorb and receive all its benefits. Look for a moisturizer with an SPF of at least 15 for the day, an important factor in preventing skin cancer symptoms and keeping your skin healthy as you age. Find a moisturizer that works for your skin type.
People with oily skin should opt for lighter moisturizers, while people with drier skin should use heavier and richer creams. The sun is the most damaging factor to the skin and the leading cause of skin cancer. That's why using a moisturizer that contains SPF or applying sunscreen after the moisturizer is key to protecting the skin from the sun's harmful UV rays and maintaining a youthful and healthy face. Apply an SPF of at least 15 to your face during the day, using a higher SPF if you anticipate heavy sun exposure throughout the day.
I put eye cream between the toner and the serum because I like to let the toner penetrate for a couple of seconds. You don't have to do it this way, but that way I make sure my skin absorbs the product (which means changes are taking place). Allow the serum to absorb for at least one minute. This is the product with the most active ingredients, so you need to make sure that your skin has time to absorb it.
As with any good facial treatment, your first step should be to effectively clean your skin. To remove makeup, look for a formula such as The Cream Cleansing Gel by Augustinus Bader (£50, Selfridges) or the sumptuous Sacred Nature cleansing balm by Comfort Zone (£44, Selfridges) to remove dirt from your face and use a muslin cloth to wash it. Next, Ooi recommends using the AHC Aqualuronic Cleanser (£18, LookFantastic) for a double clean. She advises looking for cleansers that, like this one, contain hyaluronic acid molecules in a number of different sizes, as they create waterways through which subsequent active ingredients can successfully make their way into the skin.
If you thought toner was a thing of the past, think again. When the water is hard, it means that even the mildest cleansers can be quite aggressive to the skin. Toning helps balance the skin's pH (it's naturally slightly acidic), which is important for a strong skin barrier. The toning step is also an opportunity to hydrate while the skin is still warm and the pores are open after cleansing.
Look for ultra-hydrating tonics (avoid anything astringent or alcohol) with ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, coconut water and vitamins, such as the superfood Elemis Kefir-Tea Mist (£25.95, BeautyBay). Ooi recommends adding a few drops to the palms of your hands and then patting and pressing them into the skin. If you think about the touching and pressing motion, you can imagine how the molecules will just roll up in the pores. It's very important.
However, if you suffer from acne, applying it with a cotton pad is your best option, says Ooi, noting that areas of acne indicate a sebum imbalance that needs to be remedied. However, if you have a scab, stain, or cystic spot, the scales are misaligned and water comes out and contamination and bacteria leak out. You should fill those gaps with good, balancing products, such as toner. People with blemish-prone skin are especially likely to benefit from Medik8's new PHA Press%26 Glow Daily Exfoliating Toner (£25, SpaceNK), which is super gentle and helps keep the skin's surface clean and healthy while hydrating, unlike some acidic tonics that can surpass skin.
Emulsion? What is that? In skin care, an emulsion is a light, semi-transparent lotion that works to deeply moisturize the skin. At the same time you made the toner, press the emulsion onto the skin, not forgetting the neck, and look for formulas that contain hyaluronic acid, ceramides and botanical extracts. We Love DHC's Urumai Lotion (£22, LookFantastic) and Origins Dr. Andrew Weil Mega-Mushroom Relief %26 Resilience Soothing Treatment Lotion (£32, Selfridges).
The main criteria here is that you take care of your skin and its specific needs. Hydration is always key, so a good hyaluronic acid serum, such as Elizabeth Arden's ceramide capsules with hyaluronic acid (£45, LookFantastic), will adapt to every skin type. Other great serums to try are Aurelia Probiotics CBD Super Serum (£64, CultBeauty) for soothing, balancing and hydrating, and Volition Strawberry-C Brightening Serum (£36, CultBeauty) for boosting radiance. The last step of your routine is designed to seal all the products you've used and wake up and energize your face.
The jaw muscles are usually tight, so reduce that tension; use your knuckles to knead it. After applying the moisturizer, place the first two knuckles on each side of the jawline and remove them toward the ear, working on any area of tension. Shiseido's Enmei Ultimate Renewal Cream (£410, Harrods) is excellent for this and, although expensive, has been clinically proven to renew and energize skin. Kiehl's Super Multicorrective Cream (£55, Selfridges) is another excellent cream that works well on all skin types, helping to increase elasticity and even skin tone.
When it comes to skin care products, antioxidant treatments, scrubs, collagen boosters, and moisturizers will help keep your skin radiant and youthful. The goal of any skincare routine is to refine your complexion so that it works at its best, and also to solve problems or focus on the areas you want to work on. This term appears frequently on product labels and is used by skincare experts, but it is not always defined in simple and clear language. It's not glamorous, but good skin doesn't have to be (just ask your dermatologist or anyone on the Cosmo beauty team, simple is always better).
Protection also refers to sealing all of the wonderful ingredients you applied in your skincare routine so that they stay on your skin, are fully absorbed and work their magic. You can do it every day, whenever you have extra time or when you want to treat your skin. A skincare routine refers to the steps you take daily, weekly, and sometimes monthly to ensure that you have the healthiest skin. This step is important to your skincare routine because it will help you stimulate cell renewal, eliminate dull dead skin, cleanse pores more deeply, and help you achieve a smoother texture.
Everyone's skin is different, but Jurlique Advanced Herbal Recovery Serum is another unique good that has made a noticeable difference to my skin. In Korea, they call it “choc-choc”, explains facialist and founder of 001 Skincare Ada Ooi, who has clients to everyone from Lady Gaga to Rooney Mara. . .